Xuzhou (徐州， Xúzhōu) is a city in Jiangsu Province, People's Republic of China. It is located at the northern tip of the province, bordering Anhui.
Called Pengcheng in ancient times, Xuzhou is the most ancient city in Jiangsu and presently the center of the Huaihai economic development zone. Xuzhou was the second-largest political center of Jiangsu in the Han Dynasty, though it was destroyed by an earthquake in 1688. It was also the location of the Battle of Xuzhou and the Huaihai Campaign in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War, respectively.