Utica ( (listen)) is a city in the Mohawk Valley and the county seat of Oneida County, New York, United States. The tenth-most-populous city in New York, its population was 62,235 in the 2010 U. S. census.
Utica is the seat of Oneida County, NY. Currently, the city proper has approximately 60,000 residents and the urban area has approximately 120,000 residents. This site was originally a Mohawk settlement and the name Unundadages is visible on the city seal. In 1758 amidst the theatre of the French-&-Indian War, the British established here the Old Fort Schuyler and would eventually push out the local Iroquoian Oneida tribe to allow further settlement by New Englanders. The city is located along the Mohawk River and Erie Canal, as part of the New York Canal System. The canal system initially prompted further growth in the region and today several major transportation networks transect the area such as the New York State Railroad and the New York State Thru-way. The city's name is eponymous to the former Phoenician city of Utica, located in present-day Tunisia, northern Africa. The name Utica translates as "Old Town" and was known as the first Phoenician settlement of what is now known as the African continent. Utica's name contrasts with that of Carthage which translates as "New Town." Later, following the unrecoverable defeat of Carthage by Rome in the Third Punic War, the Phoenician city of Utica became the capital of the newly-created Roman province of Africa.