Taichung (臺中 or 台中; Tái-zhōng) is located in the west-central part of the island of Taiwan. It has a pleasant climate and a population of just over 2.6 million people, making it the second largest city in the country after New Taipei. The city is home to many manufacturers and in recent years has experienced rapid growth in the diversity of its cultural offerings.
Taiwanese aborigines originally populated the plain where modern Taichung City is located. They lived by cultivating millet and taro and hunting deer. Several local names in central Taiwan contain the word for "deer," including Shalu Township and Lukang Township in Changhua County.