Southampton is a port city on England's South East coast.
Southampton has been a settlement since Roman (then called Clausentum) and Saxon times (then called Hamwic). The Roman ruins are in a suburb called Bitterne Manor. In Saxon times, the town's privileged position, on England's south coast, made it Britain's premier trading post. The town became walled in the Middle Ages, and some remnants of these defences remain throughout the city, most notably the Bargate in the middle of the city centre. Because Southampton was devastated by bombing during the Second World War, much of the city and its heritage was destroyed. That is why the town and its architecture are so modern. Southampton has grown rapidly in the past 30 years, becoming one of the twenty largest cities in England. The two universities (Solent University and University of Southampton) give it a large student population in term time.