Shiraz (شیراز) is the capital city of Fars province and a treasure trove of Persian culture. It is also the former capital of Iran, during the Zand dynasty's era (1747-79), and also the celebrated birthplace of the great Persian poets Hafiz and Saadi. It is also been said to be the origin of one of the best wines in the world called Syrah. The city has a population of about 1,300,000.
Shiraz has a hot semi-arid climate with large temperature differences between winter and summer. Despite being at the same latitude as Cairo and central Florida, Shiraz features quite chilly winters and the average low temperatures is -0.4°C (31.3°F), while afternoons remain cool at about 12°C (53°F). Cold waves don't usually dip that south in the country, but nighttime lows can occasionally fall below -5°C (23°F). The record low is -14°C (6°F). Most precipitation also falls between November and April, mostly in the form of rain as snowfalls are very uncommon. Summers on the other hand, can become hot, but not to the extend of cities such as Ahvaz or Bandar Abbas. Temperatures usually range from 36°C-38°C (97°F-100°F) to 19°C-21°C (67°F-70°F). The record high is 43°C (109°F) and above 40°C (104°F) can be expected during heat waves.