Pretoria

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1. March 2020
3. March 2020

Pretoria, the administrative capital of South Africa, is in Gauteng.

Pretoria was allegedly occupied by the Sotho people for many centuries. During the 15th century the Ndebele people also migrated into the area and settled along the banks of what is today called the Apies River. Around 1820 the Matabele under the leadership of Mzilikaza also entered the region, leading to local conflicts between the Matabele newcomers and the already established Sotho and Ndebele tribes as well as the European Voortrekkers who were steadily moving northward through the country. These conflicts came to an end when the Matabele were defeated by the Voortrekkers in 1837 at Mosega. By 1855 there was no known tribe in what is known as Pretoria area today. Only nomadic groups passed through this area, with a leader/person Tshwane (so it is alleged) one of the them. Pretoria was founded in 1855. Initially the capital of the Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek was Ohrigstad, but Pretoria became the capital of the then ZAR. Later on Pretoria became the capital of the Transvaal province (old ZAR) after the Anglo-Boer War. The city was named after Andries Pretorius, the boer leader at the Battle of Blood River where the Voortrekkers defeated the Zulus under King Dingaan. In 1856 the area today know as Arcadia was acquired in exchange for a pony and added to the town.

Country:
South Africa
Region:
Africa
Population:
740,000 people
Safe tap water:
No, contaminated
Internet speed:
6 Mbps
Best wireless carrier:
http://neotel.co.za/
Best coffee:
27 Cafe
Cashless society:
Yes, cards OK almost everywhere
Best taxi app:
http://uber.com
Gender ratio (% man):
46 %
Power:
230V50Hz
Ambulance:
10177
Fire department:
10177
Police:
10111

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