Portsmouth (pronounced "ports-muth" and nicknamed "Pompey") is an island city in the county of Hampshire, on the south coast of England.
Historically, Portsmouth has played a major role in British history, particularly as the home of the Royal Navy. The rich heritage in the city offers a variety of activities for the visitor, not least the Historic Dockyard which houses one of the most important collections of historic warships in the world. This includes HMS Victory, which was Lord Nelson's flagship used at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, and the Mary Rose, a Tudor-era warship. Boat tours of the harbour also allow ships of the modern navy to be observed. As an important military base for 2,000 years, the Portsmouth area contains fortifications from almost every era of British history. Aside from its rich Naval Heritage, Portsmouth is also known for its literary history as the birthplace of Charles Dickens, the famous Victorian era novelist. It is also the birthplace of pioneering engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel. Other famous figures who have lived in Portsmouth include: HG Wells, Arthur Conan Doyle, Rudyard Kipling and Peter Sellers. Musically, the city is well served by three musical venues The Wedgewood Rooms, Guildhall and Pyramids which regularly host major musical and comedy acts. Portsmouth also has two cathedrals, including the Romanesque-style Portsmouth Cathedral , twelve museums, most of which are free, and two theatres offering plenty of other attractions to visit.