Philipsburg is the main town and capital of the country of Sint Maarten. The town is situated on a narrow stretch of land between Great Bay and the Great Salt Pond.
It functions as the commercial center of Saint Martin island, whereof Sint Maarten encompasses the southern half. As of 2011, it has 1,327 inhabitants. Philipsburg was founded in 1763 by John Philips, a Scottish captain in the Dutch navy; the settlement soon became a bustling centre of international trade. Two historic forts bear witness to Philipsburg's strategic importance in St. Maarten's history: Fort Amsterdam and Fort Willem. See alsoList of Designated Monuments in PhilipsburgPhilipsburg has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), and is drier than most parts of the northeastern Caribbean due to a rain shadow from the island’s mountains, drying the northeast trade winds. The driest months are from January to July, and the wettest from September to November, when hurricanes are a frequent occurrence in the region. The main shopping district, Front Street, is in the heart of the city. The city also has a port that is visited by many cruise liners, such as ships like Celebrity Solstice, Crown Princess, Disney Magic, since 2010, Oasis of the Seas & Anthem of the Seas, and since 2018, the Symphony of the Seas or MSC Divina.