Padova (English: Padua, French: Padoue, Latin: Patavium) is a city in North Eastern Italy, and the capital of the province of the same name. It is located centrally in the Veneto region, between Venezia on one side and Vicenza and Verona on the other. The city itself has 210,821 inhabitants (2001), with about 350,000 inhabitants in the wider metropolitan area.
One of the oldest cities in northern Italy, according to a legend Padova was founded by the Trojan prince Antenor in the 1183 BC after the fall of Troy. It is certain that there were settlements around the 10th - 11th centuries BC, the ancient town was probably one of the most important of the Veneti people. Padova later fell under the control of the Romans during their expansion in northern Italy, grew rapidly and became one of the wealthiest cities outside of Rome.