Novosibirsk (Russian: Новосиби́рск nuh-vuh-see-BEERSK) is a city in Novosibirsk Oblast, Siberia, Russia.
With a population of over 1.6 million people, Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia. The city was founded in 1893 as a transport hub. The city was originally called Novonikolayevsk (Новониколаевск), in honor of both Saint Nicholas and of the reigning Tsar Nicholas II. It became a large industrial centre during the Stalin period. In 1962, it became the first city in the world to reach a population of 1 million people within 70 years of being founded. The majority of the population lives in apartment buildings and private houses are rare. Novosibirsk grew into a beautiful place with booming cultural life (after the fall of Soviet Union). Russia's third largest city has embraced its status as capital of Siberia and opened its doors to the world. A slew of museums and monuments, a relaxed big-city vibe, a pulsating nightlife and a wealth of great accommodation are available to the visitors.