Nanyang (南阳; Nányáng) is a city in Henan Province in China. It is located at the southwest of Henan Province bordering Hubei Province at the south and Shannxi Province to the west.
It had 10,263,660 inhabitants at the 2010 census, ranking eleventh in China. However, 1,811,812 residents live in the built-up area made of three urban districts (High-Tech Industrial Development Zone, Wolong and Wancheng). Dinosaur egg fossils have been discovered in the Nanyang Basin. The 35,000 capacity Nanyang Sports Centre Stadium is the main (football) venue in the city. Nanyang (simplified Chinese: 南阳; traditional Chinese: 南陽; pinyin: Nányáng) 南-South, 阳/陽-sun (the south side of a mountain, or the north side of a river, which in Chinese is called Yang meaning "sunny"). Wan (宛) is the abbreviation for Nanyang which in ancient times was known as Wancheng (宛城), meaning "Wan City". Nanyang has been the name of the region since at least the Qin Dynasty. It therefore has the distinction of being one of the oldest continuously used major place names in contemporary China. Han DynastyEastern Han Dynasty (25-220) Nanyang is located in southwestern Henan, bordering Hubei (Xiangyang, Shiyan, and Suizhou) to the south, Shaanxi (Shangluo) to the west and the following prefecture-level cities in Henan:Zhumadian (E)Xinyang (SE)Sanmenxia (NW)Luoyang (N)Pingdingshan (NE)The latitude of the entire prefecture ranges from 32° 17' to 33° 48' N, while the longitude ranges from 110° 58' to 113° 49' E, and the prefecture spans 26,600 square kilometres (10,300 sq mi).