Mysore , also known as Mysuru, is Karnataka's second biggest city, situated in Southern India. It was the erstwhile capital of the Wodeyar dynasty and is considered the cultural capital of the state. Mysore is the second cleanest city in India after Auroville and is one of the most materialistically well-planned ones. The people of Mysore are famous for their peaceful attitude and helpful nature.
The city has recorded history dating back a thousand years and a mythical history which explains the origin of the name - apparently, this was the place where the demon Mahishasura was slain by the Goddess Chamundi. You will find a statue of the demon on Chamundi Hill which commemorates this event. In recorded times, the city rose to prominence when it became the capital of a breakaway feudatory of the Vijayanagara empire named Chamaraja Wodeyar in 1584. In 1610, he shifted the capital to nearby Srirangapatna. Hyder Ali who was a commander in the army assumed power in the late 18th century when the then Wodeyar proved incapable of administration and protection of the state from British invaders and instead preferred to indulge in music, dance and other luxuries of life. Hyder Ali was succeeded by his son Tipu Sultan, who fought and defeated quite a few wars with the British. He was finally martyred in the war by the British, making him the first freedom fighter of India to have attained martyrdoom.