Little Rock became the capital of the Arkansas Territory in 1819 and of the state of Arkansas in 1836. The metropolitan area population was 734,622 in 2016 census estimate. The Combined Statistical area population which includes Pine Bluff had 905,847 in the 2016 census estimate. The city proper had 193,524 in 2010.
Little Rock lies at the center of the state, more-or-less where the Ozark Mountains, the Ouachita Mountains, and the Mississipi Alluvial Plain (the "Delta") come together. Traveling east from Little Rock, you traverse flat land nearly all the way to the Mississippi River; traveling west you quickly enter hilly country. Little Rock is Arkansas's largest city, as well as the state capital and major economic center (although northwestern Arkansas, with Wal-Mart, Tyson Foods, and major trucking firms, is rapidly gaining). Little Rock is home to the state's only medical school, as well as the University of Arkansas Little Rock Bowen School of Law.