Kollam (Quilon)(pop 370,000) is a city in Kerala in India.
Mentioned in Greek literature from the first century, Kollam has been a thriving trading port for centuries. Best Known for Ashtamudi Lake. The surrounding region produces pepper (after which the city is named), cashews, coir and other agricultural products. Local communities include Christian, Muslim and Hindu peoples. A historical Chinese population is known to exist, and the town's market is still named after them. Fishing occurs right along the coast as in other parts of Kerala. West and slightly north of the town some 5 kilometres lies a beach, on the north end of which are various European colonial-era relics, including the ruins of a fort and a few churches. There are also some old colonial buildings scattered about the town proper.