Khartoum or Khartum ( kar-TOOM; Arabic: ٱلْخُرْطُوم, romanized: Al-Khurṭūm) is the capital and largest city of Sudan. The city is also the capital of the state of Khartoum.
Khartoum proper is the seat of the Sudanese government and is the largest of the three cities. The older part of the city lies beside the White Nile while the newer parts, such as Al-Amarat and Khartoum Two, spread out to the south, across the railway line and the ring road, and around the airport runway. The city, both the old part and its newer extensions, is laid out mostly in a grid. Omdurman has a more Middle Eastern atmosphere with maze-like streets and is home to the huge Souq Omdurman. Bahri is largely industrial and residential.