Kaliningrad (Russian: Калинингра́д kah-lee-neen-GHRAHD), is the capital city of Kaliningrad Oblast a Russian exclave. It has about 450,000 inhabitants.
Kaliningrad, also occasionally known by its prior German name of Königsberg is called 'Karaliaučius' in Lithuanian. Lithuanians, cousins to the 'Old Prussians', used to live here. Along with the Polish name (Krolewiec) it is sometimes known as the 'City of the Four Ks: Kaliningrad/Königsberg/Krolewiec/Karaliaučius'. Following WWII it was briefly known as Kyonigsberg (Кёнигсберг), the Russified form of the original German name. The economy is currently booming due to favoured access to the EU for both its inhabitants and goods.