Jundiaí is a municipality in the state of São Paulo, in the Southeast Region of Brazil, located 57 kilometres (35 mi) north of São Paulo. The population of the city is 401,896 (2015 est.
), with an area of 431. 21 km². The elevation is 761 m. The GDP of the city is U$16. 6 billion (R$36. 6 billion). The budget for 2013 is U$787 million (R$1. 63 billion), according to the official data of the City Hall. The municipality was officially founded on December 14, 1655, when it was elevated to the category of village. Its first urbanization was carried out in 1657. Jundiaí has borders with Várzea Paulista, Campo Limpo Paulista, Franco da Rocha, Cajamar, Pirapora do Bom Jesus, Cabreúva, Itupeva, Louveira, Vinhedo, Itatiba and Jarinu. The name of the town comes from the Tupi language, and it means the place of the jundiá ("fish with barbs", the Rhamdia quelen species). The city received massive numbers of Italian immigrants in the late 19th century and early 20th century, making most of the city's inhabitants of Italian descent. Amongst other immigrant groups, there are: Portuguese, Spanish, German and small amounts of Hungarian and Slavic peoples.