Jerusalem (Hebrew: ירושלים Yerushalayim, Arabic: القدس al-Quds) is the claimed capital city of both Israel and Palestine, although almost all foreign embassies to Israel are located in Tel Aviv, and the foreign missions to Palestine are located in Ramallah which is the de-facto capital). The city is located in and is also the capital of the Jerusalem District of Israel, and the Jerusalem Governate of Palestine.
Located in the Judean Mountains, overlooking the Judean Basin(Shphela in Hebrew) and acting as a border city between Israel and Palestine(Bordering the Palestinian cities such as Abu Dis and Ramallah(Which currently operates as the de facto capital of Palestine)). Jerusalem is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. It is the holiest city in Judaism and the spiritual center of the Jewish people since the 10th century BCE it is also the cultural, historical and national center of the Jewish people. Jerusalem is the third-holiest city in Islam and is also home to a number of significant and ancient Christian landmarks. It is also a city with a very violent past, as it has been severely damaged several times, from the Jewish Roman wars, that ended with the burning of the city, to the 1967 Six Day War. While the city has had a large Jewish majority since 1967, a wide range of national, religious, and socioeconomic groups are represented here. The walled area of Jerusalem, which until the late nineteenth century formed the entire city, is now called the Old City and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. It consists of four ethnic and religious sections — the Armenian, Christian, Jewish, and Muslim Quarters. Barely one square kilometer, the Old City is home to several of Jerusalem's most important and contested religious sites including the Western Wall and Temple Mount for Jews, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque for Muslims, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre for Christians.