Harbin (哈尔滨; Hā'ěrbīn) (sometimes seen as Ha'rbin or Haerbin) is the capital of Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China. Harbin hosts the Harbin Ice Festival each winter.
Harbin is China's northernmost major city, with a metropolitan population in excess of 10 million, and over 4 million in the city center alone. Historically, the city has been influenced a lot by neighboring Russia, in particular after the Russian Revolution of 1917 when the White Russians escaped the newly formed Soviet Union. The influence remains clearly visible in the building styles and foods. The city was founded in 1897 as a camp for Russian engineers surveying the Trans-Siberian Railway. Labor demands brought in a collection of outcasts from across Russia, Poland and even from within Manchuria. The city eventually was captured by the Japanese during World War II and later returned to China in 1946. Once nothing more than a Russian-built outpost of the railway line, Harbin has expanded far beyond its original limits.