There are two train stations, Handan Train Station (邯郸火车站 Hándān huǒchē zhàn) and Handan East Station (邯郸东站 Hándān dōng zhàn). Handan East Station is the newer of the two and also the main station for the high speed trains - on bus stop signs, it is referred to as 高铁站 (Gāotiě zhàn, or high-speed train station). Handan East Station is a bit far from the city center as well; to travel between the two train stations by bus, you can take bus 11 or 46 for 1RMB. Depending on traffic, the traveling time could take anywhere from 40 to 50 minutes.
At the 2010 census, its population was 9,174,683 inhabitants whom 2,845,790 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts, Handan and Yangyan counties, and Shahe City in Xintai municipality, largely being conurbated now. Handan, once well-defended from southern attack by a bend in the Zhang River, was a city of the state of Zhao during the Warring States Period (5th–3rd centuries BCE) of Chinese history. It was their second capital, after Zhongmu. It has held the name "Handan" since at least the 1st millennium BCE. King Wuling of Zhao turned Zhao into one of the Qin state's most stalwart foes, pioneering the use of walls to secure new frontiers (which would inspire the eventual construction of the Great Wall of China). The city was conquered by the State of Qin after the virtual annexation of Zhao by Qin except for the Dai Commandery. The first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang was born in Handan, the child of a statesman from the state of Qin and after successfully conquering Zhao he ordered all enemies of his mother to be buried alive.