Groningen is a city in the Netherlands with 201,000 inhabitants and is the capital of the northern province of Groningen. Groningen was founded around 950 A.D. at the site of a Roman camp and has a rich history, which can clearly be seen from the old medieval buildings in the down town area.
It merged with Ten Boer and Haren municipalities 1 January 2019. The Groningen-Assen metropolitan area has about half a million inhabitants. Groningen is an old city (more than 950 years) and was the regional power of the north of the Netherlands, a semi-independent city-state and member of the German Hanseatic League. Groningen is a university city, with an estimated 31,000 students at the University of Groningen (October 1, 2018), and an estimated 29,000 at the Hanze University of Applied Sciences (October 1, 2018). The city was founded at the northernmost point of the Hondsrug area. The oldest document referring to Groningen's existence dates from 1040. However, the city already existed long before then: the oldest archaeological traces found are believed to stem from the years 3950–3720 BC, although the first major settlement in Groningen has been traced back to the 3rd century AD. In the 13th century, when Groningen was an important trade centre, its inhabitants built a city wall to underline its authority.