Graz is the capital of Styria (Steiermark) and the 2nd largest city of Austria.
Graz is the second-largest city in Austria, with a population of about 300,000. Some 50,000 of this population is made up of students, as Graz is home to no less than six universities (three "standard" universities, two dedicated to applied sciences, and one dedicated to music and the arts), and is associated with names as illustrious as Johannes Kepler, Erwin Schrödinger and Nikola Tesla. The roots of Graz can be traced back to Roman times, when a small fort was built where the city centre is today; Slovenians later built a larger fortress in the same place. The name "Graz" is derived from the Slovenian word gradec, which means small castle. Graz was first mentioned with its German name in 1128 when the dukes of Babenberg turned the place into a commercial centre. During 15th century Graz became the capital of Inner Austria (refering to Styria, Carinthia and Carniola) under the Habsburgs.