Dunedin is the second-largest city and one of the main ports on the South Island of New Zealand, located in the Otago region. It is known as the Edinburgh of the South and is proud of its Scots heritage. This university town is named from the old Gaelic for Edinburgh and is noted for its unique Victorian railway, which is said to be the second most photographed building in the southern hemisphere.
Dunedin has as its heart a statue of the poet Robbie Burns, and many of its streets carry the same name as streets in Edinburgh. It was built in a time before the car was king, when trams and railways moved people around efficiently. It is built in a natural harbour on a relatively small area of flat land surrounded by steep hillsides. Some of its streets are steep: Baldwin Street is claimed as the steepest street in the world by the Guinness Book of World Records, a claim which is celebrated during the annual Cadbury chocolate festival by rolling 75,000 chocolate, orange-coated sweets called Jaffas from the top of it. It has a relatively mild summer, while in winter the hill suburbs will get cold enough for snow several days a year and the entire city will close down once or twice a year due to snowfall settling. The real issue during winter is black ice on the steep streets surrounding the city.