Damascus (دمشق) is the capital of Syria and its second largest city, with about 4.5 million people.
Established between 10,000 to 8,000BC, Damascus is credited with being the oldest continuously inhabited city & capital in the world. The old-walled city, in particular, feels very ancient and largely consists of a maze of narrow alleys, punctuated by enigmatic doors that lead into pleasing, verdant courtyards and blank-faced houses. The old city still has an authentic medieval feel to it, although this is vanishing fast due to the increasing tourist traffic as the city continues to be highlighted as an attraction. Life, however, goes on in the old-walled city, which is still the religious and social centre of the city.