Dialect: Chongqing Hua
Chongqing is one of four municipalities in China. Chinese municipalities are large administrative districts that report directly to the national government but are not a province. China has 3 similar municipalities: Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin. Chongqing municipality is the largest directly controlled municipality in China. While no longer part of Sichuan province since 1997, it was historically and culturally part of it and still shares the same love for hot and spicy food dishes. Chongqing was temporarily the capital of the Republic of China during World War II, after Nanjing was occupied by the Japanese. The capital was subsequently relocated back to Nanjing after the Japanese surrendered in 1945. Neighbouring provinces: Hubei (east), Hunan (east), Guizhou (south), Sichuan (west), Shaanxi (north) Located on the edge of the Yungui Plateau, and surrounded by small green capped mountains, Chongqing City is intersected by the Jialing River and the upper reaches of the Yangtze. It contains the Daba Shan in the north, Wu Shan in the east, Wuling Shan in the southeast, and Dalou Mountain to the south.