Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, USA. Located on the east bank of the mighty Mississippi River, Baton Rouge is Louisiana's second largest city, home of Louisiana State University (LSU), major port facilities, and a variety of attractions.
The city name was coined over 300 years ago when on 17 March 1699, Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville, led an expedition along the Mississippi River. The early French explorers found a pole stained with the blood of fish and animals that served as the dividing line between the Bayougoula and Houmas Indians. It is from this "red stick" that Iberville christened the city "le Baton Rouge", French for "red stick". The small town was selected as the new capital of the state of Louisiana in 1817, and it's been growing ever since. The capital was returned to New Orleans for a while during and after the troubles of the American Civil War, but it was moved back in 1882.