Asansol is a city in Rarh in India. It is the second largest urban agglomeration in West Bengal and is an important mining and industrial centre.
It is the district headquarters of Paschim Bardhaman district. It is the 39th largest urban agglomeration in India. According to a 2010 report released by the International Institute for Environment and Development, a UK-based policy research non-governmental body, Asansol was ranked 11th among Indian cities and 42nd in the world in its list of 100 fastest-growing cities. Asansol is classed as a Y-category city for calculation of HRA (House Rent Allowance) for public servants, making it a Tier-II city. "Asan", a species of tree which generally grows thirty meters tall, is found on the banks of the Damodar River; "sol" refers to land. The name "Asansol" is a combination of these two words. Asansol is a city on the banks of Damodar and its land is rich in minerals. Historically the city was anglicized as Assensole during the British era but the name was reverted after Independence. The region saw an initial settlement of the Dravidian people and Australoid race.