Anchorage is the largest city in Alaska, located in the Southcentral region. Anchorage is a port city with a population of over 300,000. The published population density is very low as the city covers over a whopping 1900 square miles, compared with Chicago's 225 square miles or New York City's 300 square miles. But most of the land in Anchorage's city limits is uninhabited and mountainous. Anchorage is a municipality: essentially a combined city and county. The urbanized portion of the city is a relatively compact area defined by Muldoon Road to the east, Rabbit Creek Road to the south, and Cook Inlet to the north and west. Several small suburbs are within the Municipality of Anchorage, while physically outside what most Anchorageites would call the "Anchorage" proper area. These include Eagle River and Chugiak to the north and Girdwood to the south.
Alaska is well-known for its extremely cold winters -but most visitors come in the summer, when the days are long and the temperatures are moderate. Many people consider the period between May and September to be the best time to visit Anchorage. The month of June usually has the best combination of long days, good weather, and warm afternoons. As you would expect in the high northern latitudes, the longest days come around the summer solstice, 21 June, and they get quite short around the winter solstice, 21 December. In the summer, Anchorage averages an amazing 19.5 hours of sunlight each day. By March the days begin to feel noticeably longer. However, winter offsets this imbalance when Anchorage averages just 5 hours of sunlight each day. The Anchorage-area climate, including the Kenai Peninsula and Prince William Sound, often sees summer temperatures in the mid-70s (24°C). Winter temperatures may see days fall into the -20s and -30s (-30s°C) at different intervals.